UNIT 04 Crime and
punishment TOPIC 02 How could it happen?
LANGUAGE FOCUS 04 Cleft
Mathew, Keith and Sophie
the e-business companyand the banksthat
will be their customers who
have to pay for her crime.
the womanwho will really
When we want to focus on (put special emphasis
on) one part of the sentence (usually a noun group), we use a cleftsentence structure.
Mathew could say, "The e-business company and the banks should
pay." But he wants to emphasise who should pay - i.e.
the e-business company and the banks (not somebody else). He says,
" ... it's the e-business company and the banks that should
In a cleft sentence we generally use the impersonal it
+ the verb to be + a noun group
+ a relative clause.
stole the money.
the bank's customers
have to pay.
1. We can use cleft sentence structures to focus
It was meetinghim that really
started her life of crime.
time, place or
It was in London that they
2. You can also use "what" and "all"
in cleft sentences
What we need is more policemen. All she wanted was an interesting life.
Read the examples.
Listen to the examples.
Practise saying each example. Use the Pause
was Johnwho stole
the money from my purse. It should be the criminalwho is punished. It must have been the
thief who broke the
window. It is greedthat
makes them do it. It's her husbandthat I feel sorry for.