General English Level 4 V 3
UNIT 05 Art, culture and history TOPIC 03 After the concert
LANGUAGE FOCUS 04 Adverbial clauses of concession and manner
In this activity we will look at adverbial clauses of concession and manner.

1. Adverbial clauses of concession

Claudia says:
Claudia:
Although they haven't got the best voices, they're good performers.

Claudia thinks the Backstreet Boys haven't got good voices but she still thinks they are good performers. These two ideas are opposite - they contrast. She uses, "Although" to start a clause that contrasts with the main clause.

Jackie says:
Jackie:
Yeah, I quite liked the dancing. It was fun, even though they looked a little unsure at times.

Jackie thinks the dancing was fun but she also thinks that sometimes it wasn't very good. These ideas contrast. She uses even though to start a clause that contrasts with the main clause.
Although they haven't got the best voices and even though they looked a little unsure at times are adverbial clauses of concession.
We use adverbial clauses of concession when we contrast two ideas in a sentence.
We can use conjunctions although, even though, though and while to start adverbial clauses of concession. while is quite formal. We don't use it very much in everyday conversation.

Main clause Adverbial clause
They were good dancers although they couldn't sing.
even though they couldn't sing.
though they couldn't sing.
Adverbial clause Main clause
Although they couldn't sing, they were good dancers.
Even though they couldn't sing,
Though they couldn't sing,

When we put the adverbial clause before the main clause, we need to put a comma after the adverbial clause.

Examples

1 Read the examples.
2 Listen to the examples.
3 Practise saying each examples. Use the Pause button.
I went to work although I felt sick.
Even though she liked him, she didn't want to marry him.
While English may be an easy language to speak, it is very difficult to write well.
He loves the beach even though he can't swim.
They often catch the train even though they have a car.

2. Adverbial clauses of manner

Jackie says:
Jackie:
No, they're not. They sang like they were robots.

Jackie compares the singing of the Backstreet Boys to robots. She uses like to describe the way they sang.
"like they were robots" is an adverbial clause of manner.

Jackie says:
Jackie:
… Did you see that girl next to us? She looked as though she was going to faint.

Jackie compares how the girl looked to someone who was going to faint. She uses as though to describe how the girl looked.
"as though she was going to faint" is an adverbial clause of manner.

Jackie says:
Jackie:
… they can't sing. Sometimes they sounded as if they were in pain.

Jackie compares the way the Backstreet Boys sang to the noise of someone in pain. She uses as if to describe how they sounded.
"as if they were in pain" is an adverbial clause of manner.
We use adverbial clauses of manner to talk about the way someone does something.

Main clause Adverbial clause
They sang like they were robots.
as if they were robots.
as though they were robots.

After we use as if or as though we sometimes use the past to talk about the present. We use the past because the idea is not real.
This is like the second conditional.
They sing as if they were robots. We also sometimes use 'were' instead of 'was' . For example, I felt as if I were flying.

Find out more about the second conditional.

Examples

1 Read the examples.
2 Listen to the examples.
3 Practise saying each example. Use the Pause button.
It looks like it is going to rain.
He looked at me as though I was an idiot.
He walks as if he was an old man.
I feel as though I need a holiday.
She spoke to me as if she were my mother.

 

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